What is irrigation? It is a process of applying water to the ground so that plants can survive and flourish. It is not something new – different irrigation techniques were used back in the past by many ancient civilizations. The main goal while irrigating a specific soil is to give the same amount of water to the whole area so that every plant gets as much as it needs. Since water is not an infinite resource, but our biggest wealth, you should think long term when choosing the type of irrigation. Even the source of your water is a choice you have to make. It can be surface water, extracted groundwater or even desalinated or waste water. The final two solutions are innovative ones that should be used whenever possible, because water demand is growing fast as well as the population.
You need to take into account many factors like:
– project’s location
– type of soil
– weather conditions
– type of plants
– water available.
Types of irrigation
Besides manually watering the soil by using buckets, there are many types of automatic irrigation systems. Irrigation system can be either surface or in-ground.
Surface irrigation system, as the name says, functions by watering the soil over the surface. It can be sprinkler, basin, border strip and furrow irrigation.
In-ground irrigation systems are hidden under the surface. Thus pipes, drippers and other equipment are buried in the ground. This way of irrigation saves the most amount of water that needs to be applied in a certain area. The water is not being transpired by the wind or the sun and it is applied directly to the interested zone of the roots. The area to be watered, should be divided into zones for correct irrigation. The main reason is that either the pressure or the total water supply are usually not enough to irrigate the whole area at the same time.
Install your own in-ground irrigation system
There are many in-ground irrigation systems that you can install yourself. Before shopping the system for irrigation, you should consider these things: check for the building permit and underground utilities before digging, research your local municipal watering ordinances and check the type of soil. You surely want to do this right, so it is good to have every detail on your mind. Later on you do the following:
1) Determine working water pressure, water meter size, water flow rate
2) Map your system (see where you have trees, sidewalks, fences etc.) and divide the area into zones
3) Plan the 100 % coverage so that you avoid dry spots
4) Select your system components to match your water supply and water pressure
5) Do the digging
6) Connect pipes and other components
7) Control the system.
Consult our team of experts for different irrigation solutions. We will make your garden flourish perfectly.